Know How / Maize

Whether it is grown for anaerobic digestion, for livestock feed or grain, maize is being grown more widely and is being seen as a valuable addition to rotation. Our maize page aims to help you grow a more profitable crop.

This is your starting point for addressing challenges such as disease and weed control, choosing the right varieties and protecting the environment.

Key areas of focus:

  • Getting establishment right
  • Planning fungicide strategy
  • Keeping on top of weeds
  • Choosing the right varieties for the right market

Case studies

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FEED AND NUTRITION

How a farmer cut purchased feed costs by growing grain maize

Austin Russell has reduced purchased feed costs by £37,050 annually since including corn cob maize in the herd’s ration. About 73ha (180 acres) of maize is grown annually at Church…

MAIZE

AD plant diversification benefits soils on mixed family farm

When Esther and Henry Rudge sought to future-proof their mixed farming business, they embarked on the development of a sustainable anaerobic digestion plant to diversify their income stream, benefit their…

CROP MANAGEMENT

Dairy herd helps achieve good arable soils and low inputs

Integrating dairy and arable is proving to be a successful strategy for promoting soil health, reducing reliance on chemical inputs and tackling grassweeds for the new AHDB Monitor Farm in…

MAIZE

Maize trials show soil benefits of undersown grass mixes

Undersowing maize with companion grass mixes can provide an effective way to prevent compaction during harvest, while also reducing nutrient loss and winter soil erosion without affecting crop yields. A…

LAND PREPARATION

How two arable farmers repaired their flood-damaged soils

This year’s unsettled autumn weather has been making fieldwork more difficult than many would have liked, but fears of a repeat of last year’s atrocious conditions have eased. Last November,…

SOILS

How in-depth testing helps Yorks farmer crop variable soils

Farming 18 blocks of land spread over the local area can be a challenge, especially when trying to improve the health of soils that vary widely, from sand to heavy…

Practical advice

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GRASSLAND MANAGEMENT

What are the pros and cons of min-till maize?

There are two types of min-till systems: deeper min-till and shallow min-till. Deeper min-till involves cultivating to a depth of 22.5-25cm using a machine like a subsoiler with a leg…

GRASSLAND MANAGEMENT

How undersowing maize with grass can cut N leaching

Nitrogen (N) leaching can be reduced by 61% – the equivalent of 20kg of N/ha – when maize is undersown with grass, a recent trial has demonstrated. Bright Maize, in…

FEED AND NUTRITION

Advice on growing maize under film, plus the costs

Growing maize under film could increase profit margins by more than £3,000/ha by improving the quality of the crop and increasing milk output. Trial sites run by crop production specialist…

FEED AND NUTRITION

How growing maize with beans can improve silage quality

Intercropping of maize and climbing beans is gaining ground among German farmers keen to improve the quality of their silage. Yields and protein content are particularly promising when the two…

ROTATIONS

8 top tips for designing the right arable rotation

Many farmers are being forced to make changes to their rotations on the back of two wet winters disrupting cropping plans and the key break crop oilseed rape becoming too…

SOILS

How to reduce soil compaction and optimise crop yields

Compacted soils can typically yield 10-20% lower than healthy soils, which is why growers could benefit from a range of measures to cut compaction risks and avoid costly yield losses.…

Insights

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SOILS

6 companies offering carbon-based payments to arable farmers

From government-backed schemes to voluntary private markets, there has been an explosion of interest in developing carbon and additional ecosystem service credits that could provide a new income stream for…

NVZS

The rules for arable farming in an NVZ in England

Nitrate vulnerable zones (NVZs) account for about 55% of land in England, making it more likely than not that a farming enterprise is within a designated NVZ. So with NVZs…

FEED AND NUTRITION

How maize silage analysis can reduce fertiliser spend

German growers are using maize silage crude protein levels to gauge the next year’s fertiliser requirements, resulting in reduced leaching and input costs.   Crude protein levels of 8-8.5% in…

CROP MANAGEMENT

How farmers may benefit from new way of paying for pesticides

Paying for pesticides and seed based on the yield responses seen in the field could help farmers manage some of the risks of growing crops and trying out new technologies.…

MAIZE

Rain puts pressure on maize with tricky harvest

Prolonged rain has made maize harvesting difficult in recent days, with some suffering with flooding and high rainfall. Maize maturity has already been slowed by rain as green plants have…

NUTRITION AND FERTILISER

How cover crops can help growers get more from digestate

A four-species cover crop mix has proved successful on some farms in capturing the nitrogen from autumn-applied digestate, which is then released for the following crop. Digestate is a valuable…

NUTRITION AND FERTILISER

How N-fixing breakthrough will slash fertiliser use

A specific strain of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, isolated from sugar cane in Brazil and capable of colonising plant roots, is being developed into a technology that could reduce the farming industry’s…

TECHNOLOGY

How French spraying tech can slash herbicide spend by 80%

French kit maker Kuhn is moving into high-tech solutions such as spot-spraying, offering farmers dramatically increased application accuracy and decreased production costs. It is in response to more established competitors bringing…

MAIZE

Why drilling maize deeper and later could be future trend

Drilling maize later and up to depths of 7cm could be a useful strategy in light of two likely seed treatment reviews. Maize growers are preparing in earnest for the…

MAIZE

Pioneering trial assesses drone use in maize agronomy

Remote maize agronomy and crop analysis via drones could have a useful role in the future, a pioneering on-farm trial has concluded. Drones were "another tool in the tool box"…

NUTRITION AND FERTILISER

A round-up of enhanced urea fertilisers and additives

Enhanced urea fertilisers and urease additives could soon have a greater role on arable farms as the government looks to slash ammonia losses through its Clean Air Strategy. The UK…

Video

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ARABLE

Video: Ultimate guide to good slug pellet application

With the fate of metaldehyde in their hands, growers have one final winter to make sure the slug killer doesn’t contaminate watercourses. As a timely reminder, Oli Hill looks at best application…

CROP MANAGEMENT

Video: How 3 farmers spruced up their spray stores

Having the right spray store set-up will help growers stay on the right side of the law, keep valuable spray stocks safe from criminals and save spray operators a significant…

ARABLE

Video: How to sample your soil for analysis

The quieter winter months are a prime time to get a snapshot of the state of soils and consider any adjustments to maximise fertility and crop potential. Unlike most other…

FEED AND NUTRITION

How growing maize with beans can improve silage quality

Intercropping of maize and climbing beans is gaining ground among German farmers keen to improve the quality of their silage. Yields and protein content are particularly promising when the two…